Etteboina Raju, B. Venkanna


Hybrid wireless systems mixing the benefits of both mobile ad-hoc systems and infrastructure wireless systems have been getting elevated attention because of their ultra-high end. A competent data routing protocol is essential such systems for top network capacity and scalability. However, most routing methods of these systems simply combine the ad-hoc transmission mode using the cellular transmission mode, which gets the drawbacks of ad-hoc transmission. This paper presents a distributed three-hop routing protocol (dtr) for hybrid wireless systems. To make the most of the prevalent base stations, dtr divides a note data stream into segments and transmits the segments inside a distributed manner. It can make full spatial reuse of the system via its high-speed ad-hoc interface and alleviates mobile gateway congestion via its cellular interface. In addition, delivering segments to numerous base stations concurrently increases throughput and makes optimum use of prevalent base stations. Additionally, dtr considerably reduces overhead because of short path measures and also the removal of route discovery and maintenance. Dtr also offers a congestion control formula to prevent overloading base stations. Theoretical analysis and simulation results show the brilliance of dtr in comparison to other routing methods when it comes to throughput capacity, scalability and mobility resilience. The outcomes also show the potency of the congestion control formula in balancing the burden between base stations.


Hybrid Wireless Networks; Routing Algorithm; Load Balancing; Congestion Control


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