Literature Based Study On Cloud Computing For Health And Sustainability In View Of Covid19

PRAMOD KUMAR

Abstract


The modern age of technology is trending with digitalization and reshaping the business around the world. Advancement of new technologies and innovations are transforming businesses in numerous ways and creating a whole new business computational ecosystem. Most often professionals are across the globe are talking about terms like digitization, Industry 4.0, Big Data, Block chain Technologies, cloud computing, 3D Printing, Machine Learning, Automation, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), Data mining etc. Amidst, all the major advanced technologies mentioned above, Cloud Computing, is one of the fast emerging into a large scale computing system with seamless access to virtually limitless resources. Just to apprise how the computing systems works before cloud computing ;technically to elucidate, Server-That was the past, back in the days say 20 years ago every company used to have its own server. In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices. A server is basically a very large computer (just like a mainframe) with its own set of hardware which includes a sophisticated processor capable of handling huge workloads from the office clients. On top of these servers the Operating System (OS) was installed and the applications were placed on these OS. The server will contain all the database of that particular organization and all the concerned in that organization will have access to that data stored in that server through WAN (Wide Area Network) or LAN (Local Area Network). The data stored in these servers can be anything ranging from stock record, records of all transactions or even application or email service. Typical servers are Database servers, CatLog server, File Servers, Print Servers, Sound Server, Media Server, Mail Server, Proxy servers, Web servers, Game Servers, Application servers etc. Hence, to maintain such server facility and proper functionality, it’s becoming daunting task for small and big companies too. As such huge investment, technical expertise, IT infrastructure, vendors, manpower, security , licensing, overall maintenance cost shall gradually become untenable. Then come “Revolutionizing Computing systems called ‘Cloud computing” which is supposed to be totally changed scenario of computational systems. Since it is cheap, no need to hire professional IT to maintain server, no wastage of money on acquiring server OS licensing, user friendly. Hence, it could be sustained in small and big companies/enterprises easily. Coronavirus, now declared as pandemic, is causing widespread shutdown and chaos. The rapid spread and global impact of COVID-19 can make people feel helpless and scared as the novel coronavirus escalates and forces them to change many aspects of their respective lives. It is clear that the world needs a quick & safe solution right now to combat further spread of coronavirus . What then is the best solution to this health crisis? This is where technologies such as cloud computing, AI & machine learning come into play. It will be very interesting to see how cloud computing will address and contribute towards these issues in the healthcare system & industry. The purpose of this paper is to explore the current state, status and trends of cloud computing in health system in view of covid-19.


Keywords


Healthcare; Cloud; Computing; Security; Pandemic; Covid-19; Digitalization; Sustainability;

References


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